Parkinson’s ?In this article we treat the characteristics of Parkinson’s disease recommended foods and tips for good nutrition of these patients.
Disease Parkinson’s is a degenerative and progressive neurological disease of neurons in an area of the brain known as the substantiate nigra. Which produces the reduction of a substance called dopamine, essential for the coordination of movements.
Food for patients with Parkinson’s
Parkinson’s recommended foods. Coherent Diet Among the main aspects to take into account to adjust the feeding of these people are:
- Shaking hands
- Alterations of salivation, chewing and swallowing.
- Loss of appetite
- Emotional ups and downs
You may also like to read : BMW 530i Steptronic Sport Line | Spacious, Powerful And Touching
Parkinson recommended foods
- The shaking of hands makes it difficult to use cutlery. Foods that the patient can eat with their hands, such as croquettes or meatballs, should be prepared.
- Alterations of salivation (drooling), chewing and difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) are common. In Parkinson’s recommended foods is smooth and homogeneous texture. Should avoid dry and sticky foods, those that are dispersed by mouth (crackers, crackers, toast), cheeses, fibrous meats, whole nuts, sweets that adhere to the palate, eye with the thorns of the fish…
- Appetite loss may be secondary to medication or due to alterations of the hypothalamus. For this reason, recommended foods should be offered to the patient with Parkinson’s disease. To their liking, in order to achieve a greater intake of kcal.
- Constipation is one of the great problems of these patients. Even fecalomas are formed. It is crucial that these people drink at least a liter and a half of water / liquids a day. In case of difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) thickeners should be used. It is advisable to increase in Parkinson’s recommended foods for their fiber intake (vegetables, fruits and whole grains). Avoid astringent foods (rice, chocolate, etc.). A trick that works very well is to let soak 2 tablespoons of flax seeds at night. In the morning take the water. The seeds can be taken in a yogurt.
- The presence of gas is also common in these patients. Flatulent foods, drinks with gas, coffee or sweeteners such as sorbitol should be avoided, since they generate more gases.
- The emotional ups and downs and depression are part of the evolution of this degenerative pathology, so it is vital to maintain good nutrition.
Recommended diet in Parkinson
It is very important to follow these tips on diet recommended for Parkinson’s:
- Diet parkinson recommended foods Make 5 meals a day, well presented and with a variety of foods.
- Do not talk at the same time you are eating or drinking.
- The diet will be adapted if the patient presents other pathologies (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cholesterol increase).
- A diet rich in antioxidants prevents the oxidation of neuronal structures (seasonal fruits and vegetables). These foods also provide fiber such as legumes, whole grains and crushed nuts.
- The consumption of blue fish has a protective role, since it provides omega-3 fatty acids. That reduce the inflammation and the progress of degenerative pathologies.
- Fats improve the flavor of food and are a vehicle for fat-soluble vitamins and essential fatty acids. We must increase the contribution of unsaturated and polyunsaturated (olive oils, sunflower, soy, fish, etc. ) and reduce the saturated (animal fats) and trans (margarines, pastries).
- It is advisable to adjust the amount of protein. Because an excess of proteins reduces the absorption of Levodopa, one of the most prescribed medications.
- Carbohydrates are a good source of energy, but you have to avoid over-consumption of simple sugars.
- Avoid alcoholic beverages, trying to drink water, natural fruit juices and infusions.
Eating guidelines in case of dysphagia
Dysphagia occurs as the disease progresses. It is very important to make a good diagnosis of the degree of difficulty in swallowing the patient to adapt to each Parkinson’s patient recommended foods.
The texture descriptors detail the types of textures of the diets and foods needed by people who have difficulty swallowing and who are at risk of choking or aspiration:
- Type B texture: fine mashed dysphagia diet
- Type C texture: thick mashed dysphagia diet
- Type D texture: pre-crushed dysphagia diet
- Texture type E: crushable dysphagia diet with fork.
- Types of dysphagia. Parkinson recommended foods
- To avoid spillage of liquids (soup, soup,) from the spoon, thickeners sold in pharmacies, gelatins or corn flour can be used.
- The foods should be administered in pureed texture or porridge.
- The food should always be at a suitable temperature since in advanced stages of the disease. The patient does not distinguish between hot and cold and is very exposed to injuries.
- If the patient is at risk of injury, use plastic utensils (glasses, plates, and cutlery) that do not break.
- Soften solid foods by adding liquids (milk, broth, sauces) to achieve smooth textures.
- Modify the way you eat: eat small amounts of food at one time, chew well and slowly. Give sufficient time for swallowing; Do not add food in the mouth, without having swallowed the above.
You may also like to read : Proposals To Go As A Guest To A Wedding | Guest Wedding