Start A Garden At Home? For the initiated in the gardening sometimes it can be complicated to take into account all the necessary factors at the time of taking care of an orchard or garden. However, with some simple guidelines we will get the most out of our crop without going crazy.
It may seem obvious but light is indisputably the most important factor in the growth of plants. For most crops the “whichever plus light” rule is applied. Applying simple tricks, how to orient the garden to the south and make sure to place the highest plants on the north face to avoid casting shadows on the lower crops, we will get more vigorous plants and longer harvests.
Even contradicting the popular belief, watering little and often is not the most recommended (unless we are dealing with seedbeds). This type of irrigation only moistens the upper layer of soil without reaching the roots of the plants, and also evaporates quickly. Instead, watering the plants deeply once or twice a week ensures that the water reaches the roots and has enough reserves. As for the irrigation system, there are a thousand types, and choosing the most appropriate depends very much on our situation (it is not the same to have a pot that is 20, and at the same time this is different from having a bench or an integrated garden in the garden) . For the pots it is very practical drip irrigation with microtube, while for tables of cultivation and larger orchards the best solution is exudation. This is the best way to Start A Garden At Home.
Much of the irrigation water that is lost is by evaporation, so that placing a layer of organic material such as straw, compost, dried leaves or coconut shells, will prevent the sun’s rays from hitting the ground directly, keeping the water more time. It also supposes a barrier for weeds, contributes nutrients as it decomposes, and helps protect the crops from the cold.
Although the soil requirements are different for each plant, it is essential to get a good base to work on. A mix that always works is the recipe devised by James Wong , in his book “Homegrown Revolution”. Here goes the recipe:
It is also important to ensure that the volume of substrate is adequate for each crop. Use your volume sheets for growing in pots and planting frames of planting calendars to avoid mistakes. Still do not have them? Subscribe to our newsletter to receive them completely free . This is another way to Start A Garden At Home.
Each square meter of your garden has a bonus of 1.80 cubic meters of available space above. Guiding your plants upwards allows you to have much more variety of crops. Another way to take advantage of space is to fill in the gaps between slow-growing young plants (zucchini or tomato plants) with fast-growing plants, which will be ready to collect before stealing space from their older sisters. This is another best way to Start A Garden At Home.
There is a type of neighbors that you are interested in approaching your garden, earthworms, ladybugs and bees are just the beginning of a long list of allies that should be close. The benefits that they bring are many, from the improvement of the soil and the increase of the production, to the hunting of annoying pests for our crops. Flowers, insect hotels and planting a variety of crops will help us to make these bugs at home. For more information, take a look at our post: Importance of biodiversity in the garden and orchard and our biodiversity section in the garden.
Forget about planting only a couple of crops per season, plant fewer specimens but more varieties will help in many ways, such as:
Combining plants with different nutrient needs will prevent rapid depletion of the soil. Some plants, such as beans, provide nutrients (in this case Nitrogen) to the soil, which is convenient to plant together with large consumers of this component.
The mixture of smells that occurs in a polyculture works at the time of “confusing” the pests, resulting much more complicated to reach their goal. In addition, many plants, such as aromatics, have evolved creating a series of chemicals that repel pests.
It is a very simple rule: the more flowers, the more likely you are to find bees and butterflies that will be happy to pollinate your vegetables.
Polycultures have the advantage of being, as the word “poly” says, diverse, this reduces the risk of a single factor (pests, diseases or bad weather) ruining your entire harvest. You will be more likely to get some harvest in case everything goes very wrong.